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The series contained in this interface are a short excerpt of the data available in Enerdata‘s EnerFuture service. The complete service provides:

  • Many other series including end-user prices, electricity generation and capacities by energy source, etc.
  • Extended global coverage including 65+ individual countries and regional aggregates.
  • Additional scenarios: whereas the data in EnerOutlook corresponds to the EnerBlue scenario (NDC achievement), two other scenarios are provided in EnerFuture: EnerBase (current policies) and EnerGreen (2°C scenario).
  • Detailed breakdown: insightful details are provided in EnerFuture, such as a complete disaggregation of all series by country, by sector and by energy source/vector; e.g. final consumption of gas in the US buildings sector, electricity price in the Chinese industry, solar capacity for power generation in India, CO2 emissions from the industry in Europe and by Member State, etc.
  • Full MS-Excel export capability: EnerFuture allows the user to select customised sets of forecasts and export the selection into user-friendly MS-Excel sheets (sorted by series or by country), to facilitate further analysis.
  • Further analytical indicators: including macroeconomic indicators (economic growth, population, GDP per capita), demand indicators (primary energy intensity, per capita energy and electricity consumption), CO2 indicators (emissions per inhabitant, CO2 intensity of power generation, carbon price, CO2 intensity to GDP), renewables indicators (share in primary and final consumption, share in electricity generation), and more
  • Marginal Abatement Cost curves (MACCs): providing both the level of emissions and the level of mitigated/reduced emissions that can be reached at a selected carbon price in a given year, country and sector. These levels are derived from our explicitly detailed standard scenarios. MACCs are provided for a wide range of carbon prices.
  • A Country Snapshot: select your countries of interest and explore the key trends of the future energy system through intuitive graphs and tables.

EnerFuture previews

EnerFuture Forecasts 2050
EnerFuture Forecasts 2050
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Sources: previews generated from Enerdata’s EnerFuture service

EnerFuture: Global Energy Forecasts

EnerFuture provides energy projections up to 2050. Our service offers clear insight into the future of energy demand, prices and GHG emissions.

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MACC: Marginal Abatement Cost Curves

Enerdata's long-term MACC allow you to gain unique insight and comprehensive data from the globally recognised POLES model.

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According to the Brazilian Electric Energy Trading Chamber (CCEE), electricity consumption in Brazil increased by 1.5% in 2022, as the economic situation improved after the COVID-19 pandemic. Electricity consumption on the regulated market (households and small companies) decreased by 1.4%, due to a switch of regulated consumers to the liberalised market, lower temperatures cutting the use of air conditioners and the wider installation of domestic solar panels. However, it grew by 7.2% in the liberalised market (industries, trade and services), thanks to a much higher demand from services (+16%) and commerce (+11%). In the industrial sector, electricity consumption grew by 13% in the wood, pulp and paper branch and by 8% in the food branch. The growth was more moderate in the chemicals and in iron and steel sectors (+2%), and stable in the non-metallic minerals branch (-0.1%).



According to preliminary data, the European power transmission system operator (TSO) TenneT transmitted to the Dutch and German grids over 29 TWh of electricity from offshore wind parks in the North Sea in 2022. More than 21 TWh were fed into the German grid, while about 8 TWh were transmitted to the Netherlands’ grid. In 2021, TenneT transmitted just above 20 TWh to the German grid and less than 5 TWh to the Dutch grid from offshore wind in the North Sea. However, the share of North Sea electricity for Germany in 2022 was around 17%, about one percentage point below 2021.



Oman’s average daily production of crude oil and condensates rose by around 10% to reach 1.1 mb/d in 2022, according to the country’s National Centre for Statistics and Information (NCSI). Indeed, Oman produced 388.4 mb of oil and condensate in 2022, including 309.5 mbl of oil in 2022 (+13%) and 78.9 mbl of condensate (-1%). Total oil exports increased by 11% to 319.5 mbl. Around 82% of Omani oil exports went to China (261 mbl, +8%) and 10% to India (31 mbl, +9%); exports to South Korea and Japan surged in 2022 (+93% to 13 mbl and +179% to 12 mbl, respectively).



The Norwegian natural gas transmission system operator (TSO) Gassco has exported a total of 117 bcm (approx. 1,286 TWh) of natural gas to Europe through pipelines in 2022, a 3.3% increase compared to 2021.