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Glossary

Total final energy consumption

Final consumption measures the needs for energy of final consumers, excluding inputs and losses involved in the energy transformation sectors.

Total primary energy consumption

Primary consumption measures the total energy consumption of a country, including all losses and own consumption within transformation process.

Share of electricity in final consumption

This corresponds to the ratio between the final consumption of electricity and the total final consumption of energy, excluding inputs and losses involved in the energy transformation sectors.

Share of fossil fuels in primary energy consumption

This corresponds to the ratio between the primary energy consumption of fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas) and the total primary consumption.

Final electricity consumption

Final electricity consumption measures the needs of final consumers for electricity, excluding inputs and losses involved in the energy transformation sectors.

Total electrical capacity

Installed capacity: from private and public utilities and autoproducers. Include cogeneration and fuel cells.

Total electricity generation

Electricity generation: includes the gross electricity generation from private and public utilities and autoproducers. It includes cogeneration and fuel cells.

Share of renewables in primary energy consumption

The ratio between primary consumption of renewable energy sources, either as transformation input or in final demand sectors, on the total primary energy demand.

Share of renewables in final energy consumption

This corresponds to the ratio between the final energy consumption of renewables and the total final consumption of energy, excluding inputs and losses involved in the energy transformation sectors.

Share of renewables in electricity generation

Share of renewables in electricity generation corresponds to the ratio between the electricity generated from renewable energy sources (wind, solar, large and small hydro, biomass, geothermal or others) and total electricity generation. It is expressed as a percentage (%).

Total CO2 emissions (incl. industrial processes)

CO2 emissions are anthropogenic emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels and industrial processes. CO2 emissions from the agriculture sector, land use, land use change, forestry and animal husbandry are not included. Biomass combustion is considered to be carbon-neutral.

CO2 intensity of electricity generation

CO2 intensity of electricity generation represents the amount of anthropogenic CO2 emissions associated to the generation of one kilowatt-hour of electricity. It is expressed in gram of CO2 per kilowatt-hour (gCO2/kWh).

CO2 intensity to GDP

CO2 intensity to GDP corresponds to the amount of anthropogenic CO2 emissions from fossil fuels combustion associated to the generation of one unit of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). This indicator is measured in constant dollars at purchasing power parity (kgCO2/US$15ppp).

CO2 intensity per capita

CO2 intensity per capita measures the total anthropogenic CO2 emissions from fossil fuels combustion per head of population. This indicator is expressed in ton of CO2 per capita (tCO2/cap).

EnerFuture: Global Energy Forecasts

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MACC: Marginal Abatement Cost Curves

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27

Oct

The European Commission has adopted the EU Climate Action Progress Report, which reveals that the EU domestic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions rose by 4.8% in 2021 (reaching 3,524 MtCO2eq according to preliminary estimates), after exceptionally low levels in 2020 due to the Covid pandemic (3,354 MtCO2eq). The 2021 GHG emissions remain 4% below 2019 levels.

12

Jul

The battery storage capacity in the US more than tripled to reach 4.6 GW in 2021 (from 1.4 GW in 2020) and increasingly broadened out of ancillary services, according to the American Energy Information Administration (EIA). The amount of battery storage capacity grew 220%, driven by the commissioning of 106 utility-scale systems with 3.2 GW of capacity. About 78% of all storage capacity added 2021 was built in regional transmission organization (RTO) service territories.

29

Jun

South Korea’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions rebounded by 3.5% to 679 MtCO2eq in 2021, after a 6.2% drop in 2020, according to the country’s Ministry of Environment. It represents a 6.5% decline compared to 2018 level. This increase was mostly driven by industry-related GHG emissions, which rose by 5.2% in 2021, followed by the energy sector (+3.6%), waste disposal (+1.6%) and agriculture (+0.9%).  In 2021, the energy sector accounted for 86.9% of South Korea’s total GHG emissions, followed by industry (7.5%), agriculture (3.1%) and waste disposal (2.5%). The country’s GHG emissions had been rising by an average of 1.1%/year between 2010 and 2018 and peaked at 727 MtCO2eq in 2018, before experiencing a decrease of 3.6% in 2019. South Korea aims to cut its GHG emissions in 2030 by 40% compared to 2018 levels and to reach carbon neutrality by 2050.

28

Jun

Australia's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions rose nearly 1% in 2021, as driving and travel increased and as manufacturing activity recovered from the Covid-19 pandemic. The Australian Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources estimates that Australia’s total GHG emissions in the year to December 2021 reached 488 MtCO2eq, showing an increase of 4.1 MtCO2eq (0.8%) compared to the previous year. These results reflect an ongoing reduction in emissions from electricity, as well as an increase in emissions from transport, stationary energy (excluding electricity), agriculture and fugitive emissions.