In the EnerBlue scenario, no fundamental and abrupt oil price increase above US$80/b is foreseen anytime soon. We rather observe a persistent global oversupply, with limited geopolitical risks in a context of global cooperation towards NDC targets.
In addition to international fossil fuel prices, further energy prices, including end-user prices by energy and by sector, are available in the complete EnerFuture global forecast service based on the POLES model.

Trend over 2000-2040 – EnerBlue scenario

The oil price is expected to push above US$60 per barrel due to both (geo)political reasons (in particular tensions in e.g. Venezuela and Libya, along with US sanctions in other countries like Iran), as well as to a convergence of interests between OPEC and Russia, both of which have declared their intention to limit production levels. However, with a rising US production this is not necessarily sustainable on the long run. Saudi Arabia has indeed a short-term interest to push up the oil price in order to better valorize Saudi Aramco’s possible partial privatization.

In the long run however, the Kingdom, with the world largest low-cost oil reserves and aware of the importance of energy transition worldwide and the risk of sitting on stranded reserves, will have a clear interest to fight for market shares and not for price. Oil prices are hence expected to remain between US$50 and US$80 per barrel until 2040. For short periods of time, the price may spike in any direction, responding to short term economic, financial and/or political events, rather than fundamental long-term market realities. The current oil price of US$60-70/b already incorporates in our opinion a geopolitical risk premium of some US$10-20/b.

EnerOutlook Presentation


Download the EnerOutlook 2019 presentation to have an overview of the main outcomes of our central scenario EnerBlue in various world regions.
The presentation includes details on the underlying assumptions of this scenario, along with insightful graphs and learnings on the future of energy systems through 2040.

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EIA expects US crude oil production to rise by 9% in 2020

According to the Short-Term Energy Outlook released by the US Energy Information Administration, crude oil and gas production in the United States continued to increase in 2019 and should follow an upward trend until 2021.


EIA expects 32 GW of new wind and solar capacities in the US in 2020

The US Energy Information Administration (EIA) expects 42 GW of new power capacity to be installed and commissioned in 2020. Most of the new capacities would be renewable (76% of the total, i.e. nearly 32 GW), of which 18.5 GW would come from wind (44%) and 13.5 GW (32%) from solar. The remainder would consist of gas-fired power capacities (9.3 GW, i.e. 22%) and from other energy sources (hydropower and battery storage, 730 MW, 2%).


NPD forecast Norway's oil output to rise by 44% between 2019 and 2024

According to forecasts from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate (NPD), Norway’s crude oil production will rise from 1.41 mb/d in 2019 to 1.76 mb/d in 2020 and 2.02 mbd/d in 2024 (+44%), as major oilfields Sverdrup and Castberg will progressively enter production. Total liquids production should increase by more than 34% between 2019 (1.74 mboe/d) and 2024 (2.33 mb/d). Norway’s natural gas output is expected to increase by 3% in 2020 and by 5% over the 2019-2024 period.


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